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Health Problems

Consult a Veterinarian for any serious problems.

Heaves
Heaves is like emphysema in the horse. If your horse has respiratory disease: discarge from the nostrils, a cold, bronchitis, the flu, or pneumonia, do not force the horse to run around. My first horse was real hot blooded and would run even when sick. I forbade the trainer to do anything with her until she got well. I have seen horses with heaves and they can barely move without running out of breath. If you work a horse with lungs filled with fuid you can permanently ruin the elasticity of the bronchial sacs. That horse would have heaves.

Colic
A horse with mild colic will lie down and moan lightly looking at its stomach area periodically. Leave the horse alone. Don't get it up. The colic will pass shortly. The horse will get up on its own and start eating maybe passing some gas. That horse just had a mild stomach ache which passed naturally. On the other hand a horse with severe colic is an emergency which requires veterinary care. That horse will roll violently and thrash about in extreme pain.

Azoturia
Azoturia or tying-up is serious. The horse refuses to move because its muscles are in pain. Another sign is the urine is dark. Do not force the horse to move. Permanent damage or death can result. A vet will give an injection of vitamin E and selenium for immediate relief. To avoid this problem do not overwork a horse suddenly. Gradually increase the level of work. Feed rich suppliments only when the horse is in hard work and do not feed rich supplements on the horse's day off.

Lameness
Check the foot first for heat, nails or glass. I have had to pull a nail out of a hoof and I have seen the bottom of a broken bottle stuck on the sole of a hoof. Pick out the hoof and look for any problems. A hot foot could indicate abcess or founder. Feel the leg for swelling or heat. Feel the elbow or stifle of the back leg for tenderness. Look at the chest or rump for swelling. Feel the shoulder or hip for heat. The horse might have dropped shoulder which is caused by injury to the shoulder muscles. Or the horse might have injury to the pelvic area. Do not exercise a lame horse. The horse will move around as much as it is capable. Consult your vet and farrier.

Thrush
Thrush is that black smelly gunk on the bottom of the hoof. Clean hoof daily and keep the horses area clean.

Wounds
Treat minor wounds by dousing with Betadine Surgical Scrub and hosing off. Then douse with Betadine.

Scars
Scars from old wounds can be healed and will disappear. Massage the scar with BagBalm daily until the hair grows back over the scar.

Proud Flesh
Try to prevent it from forming. Prevent chronic inflammation and avoid bandaging which causes lack of oxygen to the wound.

Weeping Eyes
Wipe the eyes with a clean damp cloth. Wipe the knees clean also because the horse wipes its eyes on its knees.

Hives
Hives are an allergic reaction. There are bumps all over the body. Remove the allergen and the hives will disappear.

Saddle Sores
Don't put tack on the horse until the sores are healed. Determine the cause of the sores and fix the tack, wash the saddle pad, wash the girth and make sure everything fits the horse.

Worms
Keep the horse's area clean. Worm the horse as necessary.

Lice
Groom the horse daily. Old horses require a lot of grooming to keep them healthy.

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